Combat Aging and Help Prevent Chronic Disease with NMN
What if I told you that there was a supplement you could take to reverse symptoms of chronic disease, combat signs of aging, and increase your vitality well into your golden years? Sounds too good to be true, right? Well, in this case, the health benefits of the supplement in question, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), entirely live up to the hype! NMN is a derivative of the B-vitamin niacin that dramatically improves health and longevity by serving as a precursor to NAD+, a compound that plays a crucial role in energy production, metabolism, and gene expression in the body. Read on to learn about the many health benefits of NMN and how you can incorporate this powerful nutraceutical into your lifestyle.
如果我告诉你，有一种补品可以用来逆转慢性疾病的症状，对抗衰老的迹象，并在你的黄金岁月里增加你的活力，你会怎么想？听起来好得不像是真的，对吧？那么，在这种情况下，补充的问题，烟酰胺单核苷酸(NMN)的健康好处，完全不辜负炒作！是 b 族维生素烟酸的衍生物，它是 NAD + 的前体，在能量生产、新陈代谢和基因表达中起着关键作用，因此可以显著改善健康和寿命。继续阅读了解许多健康的好处 NMN 和如何可以纳入这个强大的营养食品到您的生活方式。
The Biochemistry of NMN
To understand how NMN benefits the body, it helps to first have some background knowledge of the biochemistry of this potent compound.
为了了解 NMN 如何有益于身体，它有助于首先有一些背景知识的生物化学这一有力的化合物。
NMN is a compound derived from ribose, a sugar, and nicotinamide, also known as vitamin B3. The human body has enzymes that use NMN to generate another compound, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide comes in two forms: An oxidized form (NAD+) which accepts electrons from other molecules and a reduced form (NADH) that donates electrons to other molecules. From here on I will refer to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as NAD+, but remember that it does come in these two forms.
NMN 是一种化合物，来自核糖，糖和烟酰胺，也称为维生素 B3。人体内有使用 NMN 产生另一种化合物—- 烟酰胺腺嘌呤二核苷酸的酶。烟酰胺腺嘌呤二核苷酸有两种形式: 一种是氧化形式(NAD +) ，接受其他分子的电子; 另一种是还原形式(NADH) ，将电子捐献给其他分子。从现在开始，我将把烟酰胺腺嘌呤二核苷酸称为 NAD + ，但是请记住，它确实以这两种形式出现。
NAD+ has two crucial, primary functions in the body:
NAD + 在身体中有两个关键的主要功能:
- NAD+ participates in redox reactions. Redox reactions are those that involve a transfer of electrons from one reaction or molecule to another. The most well-known redox reaction in the body is cellular energy production, which includes glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and mitochondrial respiration. NAD+ serves a vital role in each of these components of energy production.
NAD + 参与氧化还原反应。氧化还原反应是指将电子从一个反应或分子转移到另一个反应或分子的反应。人体中最著名的氧化还原反应是细胞能量的产生，包括糖酵解、三羧酸循环和线粒体呼吸。NAD + 在能源生产的这些组成部分中扮演着至关重要的角色
- NAD+ is a substrate for enzymes that add or remove chemical groups from proteins. For example, NAD+ functions as a cofactor for sirtuins, proteins that regulate DNA transcription, apoptosis, inflammation, and mitochondrial biogenesis and assist in the function of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, a group of proteins that regulate DNA repair and genomic stability. NAD + 是从蛋白质中添加或去除化学基团的酶的底物。例如，NAD + 作为 sirtuins 的辅助因子，调节 DNA 转录、细胞凋亡、炎症和线粒体生物发生的蛋白质，并协助调节 DNA 修复和基因组稳定性的多聚(adp 核糖)聚合酶的功能
Low NAD+ Leads to Disease and Aging
低 NAD + 导致疾病和衰老
Research has found that NAD+ levels decrease in aging and certain chronic disease states. The loss of NAD+ limits redox reactions and deprives enzymes of the substrate they need to function correctly; this ultimately leads to an energy deficit that impairs DNA expression and repair, promotes inflammation, and downregulates metabolism. However, a growing body of research indicates that restoration of optimal NAD+ levels may reverse many of the symptoms associated with chronic disease and aging. How can we naturally boost the body’s levels of NAD+? The solution lies with NMN supplementation.
研究发现，NAD + 水平在衰老和某些慢性疾病状态下降。NAD + 的缺失限制了氧化还原反应，并剥夺了酶正常工作所需的底物; 这最终导致能量缺乏，损害 DNA 的表达和修复，促进炎症，并降低新陈代谢。然而，越来越多的研究表明，恢复最佳的 NAD + 水平可能会逆转许多与慢性疾病和衰老有关的症状。我们如何才能自然地提高身体的 NAD + 水平？解决办法在于 NMN 的补充。
The Many Health Benefits of NMN
NMN supplementation serves as a precursor to NAD+. When we boost NMN levels in the body, we can enhance the biosynthesis of NAD+ and alleviate symptoms associated with depletion of this crucial nutrient. In fact, NMN supplementation has been found to improve various parameters of health, including physical endurance and muscle strength, neurological function, heart health, insulin sensitivity, dyslipidemia, body weight, and gene expression.
补充 NMN 是 NAD + 的前体。当我们在体内提高 NMN 水平时，我们可以加强 NAD + 的生物合成，并减轻与这一关键营养物质耗竭相关的症状。事实上，NMN 补充剂已被发现可以改善各种健康参数，包括身体耐力和肌肉力量，神经功能，心脏健康，胰岛素敏感性，血脂异常，体重和基因表达。
Endurance and Muscle Strength
Decreased physical endurance and muscle strength are often considered to be “inevitable” symptoms of the normal aging process. However, recent animal research indicates that NMN may prevent these declines in aging mice. In fact, one study found that consumption of NMN enhanced endurance and muscle strength in aged mice to such a degree that they became as healthy as their much-younger peers! [1, 2]
减少身体耐力和肌肉力量往往被认为是“不可避免的”症状的正常老化过程。然而，最近的动物研究表明，NMN 可以阻止衰老小鼠的这些衰退。事实上，一项研究发现，NMN 的消耗提高了老年小鼠的耐力和肌肉力量，以至于它们变得像它们的同龄小鼠一样健康！[1,2]
Endurance and muscle strength are not the only physical symptoms impacted by the aging process; body weight, energy metabolism, blood lipids, insulin sensitivity, and vision are also adversely affected by the aging process. Excitingly, NMN supplementation has been found to suppress age-associated weight gain, enhance metabolism, improve insulin sensitivity and plasma lipid levels, benefit vision, and prevent adverse alterations in gene expression in aging mice.  These effects highlight the therapeutic potential of NMN as a beneficial anti-aging intervention for humans.
耐力和肌肉力量不是老化过程中唯一的身体症状; 体重、能量代谢、血脂、胰岛素敏感性和视力也受到老化过程的不利影响。令人兴奋的是，已经发现补充 NMN 可以抑制年龄相关的体重增加，加强新陈代谢，改善胰岛素敏感性和血脂水平，有利于视力，并防止老龄小鼠基因表达的不利改变。这些效果突出了 NMN 作为一种对人类有益的抗衰老干预的治疗潜力。
Alzheimer’s Disease and Neurological Function
Alzheimer’s disease is on the rise, with nearly 5.7 million Americans living with the disease; this number is projected to rise to 14 million by 2050. Dietary and lifestyle changes are crucial for preventing and slowing the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. NMN may help bolster the beneficial effects of dietary and lifestyle changes in Alzheimer’s disease prevention by preserving the health of the brain. NMN inhibits the buildup of amyloid-beta, an abnormal protein implicated in the adverse brain changes characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease, while also decreasing synaptic loss and brain inflammation.  These effects slow down the process of brain degeneration and may even help reverse the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
阿尔茨海默氏症正在上升，近570万美国人患有这种疾病; 到2050年，这个数字预计将上升到1400万。饮食和生活方式的改变对于预防和减缓阿尔茨海默病的发展至关重要。通过保护大脑健康，NMN 可能有助于增强阿尔茨海默氏症预防中饮食和生活方式改变的有益效果。NMN 抑制淀粉样 β 蛋白的形成，淀粉样 β 蛋白是一种异常的蛋白质，与阿尔茨海默病的不良脑变化特征有关，同时也减少突触损失和脑部炎症。这些作用减缓了大脑萎缩的进程，甚至可能有助于逆转阿尔茨海默病的进程。
The neurological benefits of NMN are not limited to Alzheimer’s disease; NMN also maintains the brain’s population of neural stem cells and attenuates brain injury after head trauma. [4, 5] These findings suggest that NMN may have significant therapeutic benefits for athletes who have suffered concussions, and other individuals recovering from head injuries.
神经系统的好处不仅限于阿尔茨海默氏症; NMN 还可以维持大脑中的神经干细胞数量，并减轻头部创伤后的脑损伤。[4,5]这些发现表明，NMN 可能对遭受脑震荡的运动员和其他从头部损伤中恢复的人有显著的治疗效果。
The human heart requires a continuous supply of ATP to fuel its muscular contractions and sustain life. Interruptions in the heart’s ATP supply can impair cardiac and vascular function and contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. By enhancing the biosynthesis of NAD+, an essential substrate in ATP-producing reactions, NMN boosts cardiac ATP levels and significantly improves heart health. In fact, supplementation with NMN may even prevent myocardial infarctions and heart failure!  Importantly, NMN also reduces arterial aging and vascular dysfunction, two phenomena that play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. 
人类的心脏需要持续的 ATP 供应来维持肌肉收缩和生命。心脏 ATP 供应的中断可能损害心脏和血管功能，并促进心血管疾病的发展。通过加强生物合成 NAD + ，一个必不可少的底物在 ATP 产生反应，NMN 提高心脏 ATP 水平和显着改善心脏健康。事实上，补充 NMN 甚至可以预防心肌梗死和心力衰竭！重要的是，NMN 还可以减少动脉衰老和血管功能障碍，这两种现象在心血管疾病的发病机制中起着关键作用。
Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome
In pancreatic beta cells, NAD+ regulates insulin secretion in response to the ingestion of dietary glucose. [8, 9] NAD+ also governs insulin activity and glucose homeostasis in skeletal muscle, the liver, and adipose tissue. Research indicates that the normal biosynthesis of NAD+ is severely compromised in diabetic individuals, leading to insulin resistance and glucose intolerance.
在胰岛 β 细胞中，NAD + 调节胰岛素的分泌，以响应饮食中葡萄糖的摄入。NAD + 还控制胰岛素活性和骨骼肌、肝脏和脂肪组织中的葡萄糖稳态。研究表明，糖尿病患者正常的 NAD + 生物合成受到严重影响，导致胰岛素抵抗和葡萄糖耐受不良。
By restoring NAD+ levels in skeletal muscle, the liver, and adipose tissue, NMN improves insulin sensitivity and may help reverse the course of diabetes. NMN also corrects dyslipidemia, a condition in which cholesterol and triglycerides are elevated in the bloodstream. [10, 11]
通过恢复骨骼肌、肝脏和脂肪组织中的 NAD + 水平，NMN 提高了胰岛素敏感性，可能有助于逆转糖尿病的进程。NMN 还可以纠正血脂异常，即血液中的胆固醇和甘油三酯升高。[10,11]
Dyslipidemia and insulin resistance are key features of metabolic syndrome, a disorder that afflicts a whopping 35 percent of U.S. adults and significantly increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Finally, NMN normalizes the expression of genes that govern circadian rhythms and decreases oxidative stress and inflammation; altered circadian rhythms, oxidative stress, and chronic inflammation are three of the most important underlying causes of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. 
血脂异常和胰岛素抵抗是代谢症候群的主要特征，这种疾病折磨着高达35% 的美国成年人，并显著增加了患糖尿病、心脏病和中风的风险。最后，NMN 使控制昼夜节律的基因表达正常化，减少氧化应激和炎症; 昼夜节律的改变，氧化应激和慢性炎症是2型糖尿病和代谢症候群的3个最重要的潜在原因。
These fascinating findings indicate that NMN may play an essential adjunct role, alongside dietary and lifestyle changes, in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
Your DNA serves as the blueprint for your body’s physiological function. When DNA expression goes awry due to factors such as an unhealthy diet, environmental toxins, and aging, your body’s blueprint is intrinsically altered; this disrupts normal body function and contributes to the development of chronic health conditions such as cancer, diabetes, and neurological dysfunction. NMN helps prevent adverse changes in gene expression by repairing damaged DNA. 
你的 DNA 是你身体生理功能的蓝图。当由于不健康的饮食、环境毒素和衰老等因素导致 DNA 表达出现问题时，你的身体蓝图就会发生内在的改变; 这会扰乱正常的身体功能，并导致慢性健康状况的发展，如癌症、糖尿病和神经功能障碍。NMN 通过修复受损的 DNA，有助于防止基因表达的不良变化。
Weight gain and weight loss resistance are common struggles for countless Americans. NMN is a powerful nutraceutical ally in weight loss efforts because it reverses insulin resistance, improves glucose tolerance, and ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction, three factors that contribute to stubborn weight issues. [14, 15]
While most of the available research on NMN involves animal studies, human clinical trials have been undertaken, and the results are expected to be released within the next year. In the meantime, the plethora of beneficial effects demonstrated by NMN in animal studies, and the complete lack of adverse effects, suggests that NMN supplementation may be a valuable tool to add to your healthy lifestyle today!
虽然大多数关于 NMN 的现有研究都涉及动物研究，但已经进行了人体临床试验，结果预计将在明年公布。与此同时，NMN 在动物实验中表现出的过多的有益作用，以及完全没有副作用，表明 NMN 补充剂可能是今天增加你健康生活方式的一个有价值的工具！